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Monday, April 4, 2022

Development of Muslims Identity and Role of Jinnah

Pakistan Studies Lecture 2

The Development of Muslim Identity and Two-Nation Theory and Quaid-i-Azam and Allama Iqbal 

The philosophy of Pakistan came to fruition through a developmental cycle. Authentic experience gave the base; Allama Iqbal gave it a philosophical clarification; Quaid-I-Azam made an interpretation of it into a political reality; and the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, by passing Objectives Resolution in March 1949, gave it lawful assent. It was because of the acknowledgment of the Muslims of South Asia that they are not quite the same as the Hindus that they requested separate electorates. Anyway when they understood that their future in a 'Vote based India' overwhelmed by Hindu larger part was undependable, they changed their interest to a different state.

The philosophy of Pakistan originated from the sense of the Muslim people group of South Asia to keep up with their uniqueness in the Hindu society. The Muslims accepted that Islam and Hinduism are two religions, however are two social orders that created two unmistakable societies. There is no similarity between the two. A profound investigation of the historical backdrop of this land demonstrates that the distinctions among Hindus and Muslims are not bound to the battle for political matchless quality but on the other hand are appeared in the conflict of two social orders. Notwithstanding living respectively for more than 1,000 years, they keep on creating various societies and customs. Their dietary patterns, music, engineering and content, all are total opposites.

The premise of the Muslim nationhood was neither regional nor racial or semantic or ethnic rather they were a country since they had a place with a similar confidence, Islam. They requested that the regions where they were in larger part ought to be established into a sovereign state, wherein they could arrange their lives as per the lessons of Holy Quran and Sunnah of Holy Prophet (PBUH).

Jinnah assumed a conclusive part in articulating the Muslim requests and chasing after these confronted solid resistance from the Hindus and the British. He began his political vocation in 1906 by enlisting in the Indian National Congress. He was chosen for the Legislative Council in 1909 and in 1913 he additionally joined the All India Muslim League (AIML). Presently he was individual from both the ideological groups. Having conflict with Gandhi on the issue of Swaraj (self-rule), complete independence from the British and on utilizing extra-protected implies, Jinnah left the Congress in 1920.

His initial endeavors to advance Hindu-Muslim solidarity were appeared when THE LUCKNOW PACT (1916) was agreed upon. The Hindus acknowledged the Muslim requests:

• Separate Electorate

• 33% Seats in Central Legislature

• assurance of minority freedoms

In the Nehru Report, the acknowledged Muslim freedoms were overlooked. Jinnah fought back strongly by introducing 14 Points in 1929.

He characterized Muslim personality and prepared them concerning Islam and persuaded others that Muslims are unique in relation to the Hindus and the Congress. Islamic standards, ideas and images surfaced in his addresses and proclamations.

Jinnah involved the term NATION for the Muslims of India in Feb 1935 (Legislative Assembly). He contended that the blend of religion, culture, race, expressions, music, etc make a minority a SEPARATE ENTITY. In March 1936 Bombay, he expressed that the Muslims could show up at a settlement with Hindus as TWO Nations. In 1937, he attested that there is additionally an outsider in India, the Muslims. In 1939, he thundered that the Muslims and Hindus are two countries and they are going to live as a country and having influence as a country:

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